Since inception (1983) Mitra has been carrying out more than 175 national and sub-national assignments in the fields of population, demography, family planning, health, nutrition, communication, women and children’s development, household income and expenditure, agriculture, rural development and etc., among others, including baseline and follow-up surveys, operation research, monitoring and evaluation studies under contract and in collaboration with national and international agencies/institutions. The relevant and major research/surveys conducted by this organization in recent years are as follows:
Project Name: The (all 7) Bangladesh Demographic and Health Surveys (BDHSs) 1994, 1997, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2011, and 2014
Brief Description of Project: The samples for all the BDHSs were nationally representative and covered the entire population residing in non-institutional dwelling units in the country. All the BDHSs surveys were based on a two-stage stratified sample of hhs. In the first stage, Enumeration Areas (EAs) were selected with probability proportional to the EA size. After selecting the EAs, the hh listing teams were deployed to carry out the hh listing operation in the EAs along with the required information. In addition, the listing teams also drew a sketch map of the EA with the indication of each hh. In the second stage of sampling, a systematic sample of 30 hhs on average was selected per EA to provide statistically reliable estimates of key demographic and health variables for the country as a whole, for urban and rural areas separately, and for each of the seven divisions. The sample size for 1994, 1997, 2001, 2004, and 2007 was 10,500 hhs drawn from 341-361 clusters. In the 2011 and 2014 BDHSs, the sample size was 18,000 hhs drawn from 600 clusters.
Project Name: The Bangladesh Maternal Mortality and Maternal Health Services (BMMS) Survey 2000-2001, 2011 and 2016
The brief description of the project: The multi-stage selection procedures were used to draw the samples in all the BMMSs. The frame was parsed into three domains: rural areas, urban areas, and other urban areas. The primary sampling unit (PSU) for the urban areas was the ward. The equivalent administrative unit outside of the urban areas was the union. Rural unions formed the PSUs for the rural domain, while their urban wards formed the PSU for the urban domain. In each selected urban PSU, two mohallas were selected, segmented, and a cluster was selected from each. The process in the rural domains was the same and served as the secondary sampling unit. Each selected mohalla and mouza was segmented into clusters and one of these clusters was selected from each selected mohalla and mouza. Finally, 65 hhs were randomly selected in each cluster to receive a hh instrument. The sample size for 2001, and 2011 was more than 100,000 hhs which was drawn from 1618 clusters. Mitra and Associates covered 834 clusters, having about 55,000 hhs. In the 2016 BMMS, the sample size was more than 300,000 hhs which was drawn from 4752 clusters. Mitra and Associates covered 2314 clusters, having about 150,000 hhs.
Project Name: Matlab Health and Socio-economic Survey (MHSSII, 2012-2015)
The brief description of the project: This project was designed to study the long-term impacts of the maternal health, family planning and child health project that was introduced into the Matlab Demographic Surveillance area in rural Bangladesh in the late 1970s, a later embankment project to reduce periodic flooding, and a microcredit program also. A multi-purpose data set was collected from a population of Matlab residents and former residents and added to a dataset constructed from Matlab historic (HDSS) records. The data is used to explore whether households exposed to each of these interventions and/or combinations of them have received long-term benefits. MHSSII followed the primary sample of 2,687 households from the 1996 MHSSI including all split-off or migrant households residing in Bangladesh and will emphasize areas for which the intervention impacts have been demonstrated or hypothesized on four generations (the oldest and youngest of which effectively were not directly exposed to the MCH/FP intervention).
Project Name: Baseline and Endline Survey on NGO Health Service Delivery Program (NHSDP, 2013-14, and NHSDP, 2017)
Brief Project Description: NGO Health Service Delivery Program (NHSDP) is awarded by USAID to Pathfinder International to provide assistance on delivery of essential service package (ESP) through a network of local non-governmental organization (NGO) clinics which is based on the previous experiences and successes in NGO service delivery under the Bangladesh Smiling Sun Franchise Program (BSSFP) and National Service Delivery Program (NSDP); but incorporates new approaches to promote optimal health behaviors and community participation and will enhance local ownership of service delivery through institutional strengthening. It continues to provide services to NHSDP urban program areas located in Dhaka City Corporation, Chittagong City Corporation, remaining City Corporations and areas of District and Thana Municipalities and their respective comparison areas. It starts on November 2013 and be ended on June 2014. The objective of the NHSDP Urban Baseline and Endline surveys were to collect quantitative data on reproductive health, child health, limited curative care, TB and HIV/AIDS in NHSDP urban program areas.
Project Name: Mayer Hashi II Baseliine Survey 2015 and Endline Survey 2017
Brief Project Description: The Mayer Hashi II Family Planning Project had based on the previous experiences of the Mayer Hashi (MH) 2009-2013 Project, which aimed to increase the use of Long-Acting and Permanent Methods (LAPMs) in low-performing areas. MH II focused on a national scale-up of successful models, tools and approaches for promoting Long Acting and Reversible Contraceptive (LARC) and Permanent Method (PM) use and test new innovations. The study was funded by USAID, and is awarded by Measure Evaluation that started in February 2015, ended in August 2015.
The principal objectives of the surveys are – to collect data on key outcome indicators from women in Phase I and Phase III districts, with Phase I districts serving as the intervention area and Phase III districts serving as the comparison area. The surveys were conducted on 400 clusters from 46 districts of Bangladesh. Among these districts, 200 clusters were selected from phase I and another 200 from phase III districts. The samples like 12004 HHs, 836 facilities, 1672 providers, and 2180 LAPM clients had been taken from these clusters.
Project Name: Measurement of Obstetric Fistula and Pelvic Organ Prolapse: a Validation Study
Brief Project Description: It is conducted in two sub-districts—Baniachang and Nabiganj of Habiganj District with the aim of estimating the sensitivity and specificity of the BMMS 2016 maternal morbidity questions for identifying obstetric fistula (OF) and pelvic organ prolapsed (POP)cases. The study was started on July 14, 2016, and ended on December 15, 2016. The objectives of the Maternal Morbidity Validation Study – Household survey are: to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic survey instrument to identify obstetric fistula (OF); to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic survey instrument to identify pelvic organ prolapse (POP); and to estimate prevalence of obstetric fistula, urinary incontinence, and POP in selected sub-districts.
The Maternal Morbidity Validation Study–Household Survey was carried out with three ultimate separate samples of target cases. These are (i) a sample of 78 positive cases of obstetric fistula-like symptoms, (ii) a sample of 175 positive cases for POP like symptoms, and (iii) a sample of 234 age-matched control cases.
Project Name: Impact Evaluation Surveys under the Reaching Out-of-School Children (ROSC) Project phase II in Bangladesh 2015-2016
Brief Project Description: The Reaching Out-of-School Children (ROSC) Project phase II, building on ROSC phase I, is one of GOB interventions that has played a key role in providing second chance primary education to out-of-school children in Bangladesh. Project implementation is managed by the ROSC Unit (ROSCU) in the Directorate of Primary Education under the Ministry of Primary and Mass Education. The World Bank provides financial and technical assistance to ROSC II project implementation. Mitra is awarded the project by World Bank.
Project Name: World Food Programme Bangladesh Country Program (2012-2014) Outcome Study, 2014
Brief Description of Project: The main objective of the Country Programme (2012-2014) was to improve the long-term food security and nutrition of ultra-poor hhs in the poorest and most food-insecure rural areas and urban slums. The CP was planned to assist 4,025,000 people in 15 selected districts over the five years (2012-2016). The survey started on July 2014 and tentatively ended on October 2014.
Project Name: Food For Peace (FFP) Baseline Survey 2016
The brief description of the project: The FFP baseline survey was carried out in 11 districts– 8 in CARE (Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere) areas, 2 in World Vision (WV) areas, and 1 in HKI (Hellen Keller International) areas. The sample was chosen to employ a three-stage “cluster” sampling method (where a village was defined as a cluster), with a stratification for each FFP project area. The three stages were: 1) selection of clusters (villages), 2) selection of hhs within villages, and 3) selection of individuals within hhs (hh). At the first stage, a total of 258 clusters were selected, including 86 clusters from each area using probability proportional to size sampling (PPS). Mitra and Associates conducted the hh listing indicating the hhs with either hh with at least one child less than 5 years of age or the hh with no child less than 5 years of age (these will be the eligible hhs). After completing the hh listing, two subframes were prepared for the second stage sampling – one frame was the hhs with at least one child less than 5 years of age and another frame was the hh with no child less than 5 years of age. Then, within each cluster, 20 hhs containing at least one child less than 5 years of age were sampled from a sub-frame of hhs with children less than 5 years of age. Similarly, 15 hhs containing no children less than 5 years of age were selected within each cluster from a sub-frame of hhs containing no children less than 5 years of age. Overall, 35 hhs were selected from each cluster, yielding a sample size of 3,010 hhs for each of the three projects.
Project Name: The 2010-2012 Household Survey of Employment Generation Programme for the Poorest (EGPP)-Baseline, follow-up and final follow-up
The brief description of the project: The main objective of this consultancy is to conduct three survey rounds at one-year intervals to collect, via face-to-face interviews, hh level data in all seven divisions of Bangladesh for an impact evaluation of the Employment Generation Program for the Poorest (EGPP) Project. The survey covered both beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries of the project.
- Survey Round I, named the baseline survey, is carried out in November 2010 in a sample of 3,000 hhs;
- Survey Round II, the mid follow-up survey, in November 2011, resurveying 1,000 hhs from the baseline sample
- Survey Round III, the final follow-up survey, in November 2012 in a sample of 3,000 hhs, including a panel component of 1,000 hhs surveyed in the previous rounds.
Project Name: Kishoree Kontha Endline Survey-2014-2015 and Midline Survey 2011
Brief Description of Project: Kishoree Kontha was a three-year program implemented by Save the Children USA (SCUSA) Bangladesh Country Office partnered with IPA (Innovations for Poverty Action) and Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL). The surveys were designed to evaluate the impact of the development intervention Kishoree Kontha and the comparison of the effectiveness of different strategies for the empowerment of adolescent girls. In this midline survey data was collected using pen and paper and endline survey data was collected using tablets. The sample size of the midline and endline surveys were respectively: 1. The number of hhs for the census: 73,000 and 76,953, 2. Number of girls for detailed interviewing: 11, 232 and 11,350.
Project Name: Quantitative Performance Evaluation Population-Based Sample Survey 2014 For USAID Title II CARE SHOUHARDO II Program
Brief Description of Project: SHOUHARDO II is one of the largest non-emergency food security programs in the world which was funded by the USAID Office of Food for Peace (FFP) for 2010-2015. It operates in four major regions of Bangladesh – the North Char, the Mid Char, the Haor area, and the Coastal belt of Cox’s Bazaar. It starts on September 2014 and ends on January 2015.
Project Name: Follow-up Quantitative Survey of SHOUHARDO II Program, 2012
Brief Description of Project: Multi-stage stratified random sampling was employed in the survey. The targeted samples were constituted of 9,000 hhs drawn from eight strata: the four project regions and, within each, hhs located in villages where the MCHN/PEP and PM2A approaches were applied. In the first stage of sampling, 25 villages (clusters) were selected within each strata using Probability Proportional to Size sampling, giving a total number of villages of 200. In the second sampling stage, 45 hhs were randomly selected from each village based on project hh listings.
Project Name: The SHOUHARDO II Baseline Survey 2010
Brief Description of Project: The SHOUHARDO II baseline survey utilized a multi-stage cluster sample using population-based survey methods. The survey utilized two levels of stratification. The first was a division of SHOUHARDO II into four regions – Coast, Haor, Mid Char and North Char – reflecting the distinct geographic areas where the program was operated. The second level of stratification was into two areas termed MCHN/PEP and PM2A. The sample was drawn in terms of selected hhs where 25 villages (clusters) were selected from each of MCHN and PM2A program areas of 4 regions. A total of 200 villages were selected using PPS sampling procedure. CARE provided the list of HHs by village, union, upazila, district, and region. Forty-five (45) hhs were selected randomly from the sampling frame (list of HHs by village) provided by CARE. TANGO completed PPS sample for 200 villages and selected 45 HHs randomly from each of 200 villages, which constituted a sample of 9,000 HHs.
Project Name: PRIME NTF III Bangladesh Evaluation Survey 2016
Brief Description of Project: In order to evaluate the NTF III (Natherlands Trust Fund) Bangladesh project a baseline study was completed. The study was divided into two parts — face to face interview and the online survey. The face-to-face survey was carried out from February 20, 2016, to April 20, 2016. The online survey was carried out from Nov 20, 2016, to Jan 21, 2017. The NTF III Bangladesh Project was implemented by the ITC (International Trade Centre) based in Geneva Switzerland, with the financial support of the Dutch Centre for the Promotion of Imports from Developing Countries (CBI) and supported by BASIS (Bangladesh Association of Software and Information Services) and in partnership with Dhaka Chamber of Commerce and Industry. The NTF III Bangladesh project was part of the Netherlands Trust Fund phase III (NTF III) program on the actions taken in Bangladesh under the previous Netherlands Trust Fund phase II (NTF II) programme. The main purpose of the NTF III Bangladesh project was to improve the export competitiveness of the IT and ITES industry in Bangladesh. The objective of PRIME-ITC evaluation was to learn about the management practices, business performance, employment and export in the sector to improve the services of ITC in Bangladesh and assess the impacts of NTF III Bangladesh project by comparing NTF III and non-NTF III firms.
Project Name: PRIME NTF III Bangladesh Endline Evaluation Survey, 2017
Brief Description of Project: The NTFIII Bangladesh project is part of the Netherlands Trust Fund phase III (NTFIII) program on the actions taken in Bangladesh under the previous Netherlands Trust Fund phase II (NTF II) programme (NTF II Bangladesh). The main purpose of the NTFIII Bangladesh project is to improve the export competitiveness of the Information Technology (IT) and IT-enabled services (ITES) industry in Bangladesh. Mitra and Associates was responsible for conducting the Endline data collection activities through face to face interviews with IT and ITES business owners or managers in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Endline Evaluation Survey was conducted through preparatory activities, pretesting, recruitment for interviewers, training, and fieldwork.